Crude palm oil is used all around the world, and its consumption is increasing drastically. One can obtain crude palm oil from the fruit of the oil palm tree. In today’s time, it is the most commonly used ingredients in food products such as chips, pizzas, biscuits, doughnuts, etc.
The primary source of palm oil is the Elaeis guineensis tree, which is home-grown in West and Southwest Africa. In the last few decades, its growth has expanded to Southeast Asia, which includes Malaysia and Indonesia.
You would be surprised to know that these two countries generate around 80% of the world’s palm oil supply, but 42 countries produce palm oil.
The usage of crude palm oil has increased because of the health benefits it provides to our body, such as preventing cancer, Vitamin A deficiency, malaria, brain disease, cholesterol, and much more.
About Crude Palm Oil
It comes from compressing the fleshy fruit and is used nearly in everything like in the food industry, personal care, animal feed, and biofuel in many parts of the globe.
Crude palm oil enjoys the most significant market share in the Indian food market because it helps in cooking and is also added to various ready to eat foods. It is also used for frying and in many processed foods.
This oil is also used industrially, for producing soaps, cosmetics, toothpaste, ink, waxes, and lubricants. Therefore, it is an extremely versatile oil with various elements and functions that are useful and primarily used.
It is semi-solid at room temperature; hence it can keep spreads spreadable. Its melting point is 95°F, which is around 35°C. Crude palm oil is repellent to oxidation so that it can give a more prolonged shelf life to food products.
The good thing about this oil is that it is steady at high temperatures, which help in rendering fried products a crispy and crunchy taste. Various Asian and African countries use palm oil in cooking.
Another good point about this oil is that it is colorless and odorless, which means that you do not have to worry about its smell or color in the food.
Crude Palm Oil Uses
Crude palm oil is used extensively for –
- Consumer retail food and snack manufacturers
- Personal care products
- Biofuel & energy
- Animal feed
These are some of the areas for the utilization of palm oil products.
Its significant usage is in cooking, and food industries, as the taste of the oil is considered savory. In fact, few people say that its flavor is similar to a carrot. Majorly it is used to cook curries and other spicy dishes.
Various industries use it for frying because it has a high smoke point of 450°F. And many enterprises use it to manufacture peanut butter and other nuts so that the oil does not separate and settle at the top of the jar.
Other foods that comprise of palm oil are-
- Coffee creamers
- Baked goods
- Protein bars
These were the various crude palm oil uses, which has made its demand high in the market and people consuming it more commercially and in house-hold.
The production of Palm Oil
The production of palm oil starts with palm oil seeds. Oil palms can live for 25 to 30 years approximately. Hence, the choice of the quality of seeds can impact its yield and production for decades to come. So, it would help if you were vigilant while choosing its seeds.
Initially, the seeds plantation takes place for around eight months in the nursery, and after that, the transplantation process takes place. These trees mature after 30 years and become ready for their first harvesting.
Then they are taken to the mills and its Fresh Fruit Branches (FBB), where they sterilize it by giving steam. Then the next step is stripping where the palm fruit removes from the branch, and it also deactivates the enzymes which might deteriorate the quality of FBB.
After the oil stripping, the fruit processing takes place in two elements: Crude Palm Oil (CPO) and Palm Kernel Oil. The extraction of the CPO is through the flesh of the fruit by pressing it. By pressing the fruit, it takes the CPO out, which is then screened and filtered.
Filtering is vital as it makes it free from contamination, now it is moved to the refinery where it is made ready to use in cooking, biodiesel, or any other industry.
There are arrays of health benefits that crude palm oil provides to our body, which is why people have started using it more. Let us have a look at some of its significant benefits-
- Great for brain health– CPO is rich in tocotrienols that has strong antioxidant properties that support brain health.
- Protects against heart disease- As per a study, consuming this oil lessens LDL cholesterol levels.
- Improves Vitamin A- It increases Vitamin A in the deficient bodies, or which are on the verge of deficiency.
- Malaria- As per a few studies, consuming palm oil might decrease malaria symptoms, but this is not confirmed yet.
Crude palm oil is being used immensely in all parts of the world because of the excellent qualities it possesses, plus it is economical. But keep in mind that if you use this oil, it should be RSPO certified as it is one of the largest and independent of a third-party standard for more sustainable production of crude palm oil.
We are one of the leading crude palm oil suppliers as we produce the best quality oil keeping along with the most economical prices. Contact us to get a free quote.